So who were these “sons of God” or “Angels” in Genesis 6:1-4? There have been several suggestions as to who they were and why the children they had with “daughters of men” grew into a race of giants. The three primary views on the identity of “the sons of God” are
1) they were “fallen” angels, mistaken as morally evil as opposed to coming down or descending from the heavens
2) they were powerful and physically strong, mixed race people, or
3) they were descendants of Seth intermarrying with descendants of Cain. All sons of Adam and Eve, so. . .can obviously breed with no issue.
Giving weight to the first theory is the fact that in the Old Testament the phrase “sons of God” always refers to angels (Job 1:6
). Later Jesus and his followers were also given this title though! Another problem with the sons of God being Angels, which is synonymous with gods is that in Matthew 22:30
, which indicates that angels do not marry. . .so if we are to believe the evolved New testament, instead of the older texts, Angels and gods don’t marry.
The weakness of view 3) is that ordinary human males marrying ordinary human females does not account for why the offspring were different, whether “giants”, “Mighty men”, “heroes of old or men of renown.” These may be misunderstood translations evolved by the culture and simply insinuating that they were men of war and strong though.
Further, why would “God” decide to bring destruction (the flood) to the earth due to the wickedness of these people (Genesis 6:5-7
) when God had never forbade powerful human males or descendants of Seth to marry ordinary human females or descendants of Cain? The judgment of Genesis 6:5-7
is clearly linked to what took place in Genesis 6:1-4
that caused much wickedness and divorce until the “day the Noah entered into the ark.” Only the breeding with a different and hated earthly people group would seem to justify such a harsh judgment.
When the Bible speaks of “sons of god” who consorted with “the daughters of men”, it is looked on very unfavorably. These Angels were not allowed to return to Heaven for this act.
These mighty men could be linked to the illegitimate children of the gods . When, for instance, Zeus snuck out on Hera his wife to mate with the earthly woman it created the strong demi-god Hercules. . .who’s name ironically means “gift of Hera.”
Hera went on to try to murder this child of the affair by supposedly sending two snakes to kill him. . .and she was later blamed for Hercules’s angry rage when likely drunk, he killed the princess he had won from the King of Thebes as a prize for fighting. He killed their 3 young sons as well! Then sadly he spent the rest of his life trying to atone for his sin and be accepted by the gods. The plight of the demi-gods or mighty men was a sad one of neither fitting in with the gods, or the humans.
In other mythology, the demigods, giants or mighty men from these mixed marriages are also referred to later in the Hebrew Bible as “nephilim.” This word translated as “giants” actually means the following, from Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible#5303:
nephiyl (nefeel’); or nephil (nefeel’); from 5307; which means properly a feller, i.e. a bully or tyrant.
So it really doesn’t mean a giant like the one in Jack and the Beanstalk but rather a bully or tyrant, possibly of large stature. If we look in dictionaries like Nelson’s we will see something like the following:
NEPHILIM, a word of uncertain meaning (Genesis 6:4; Numbers 13:33), (NIV, NEB, NASB, RSV translations), translated as giants by the KJV and NKJV. Some scholars believe . . . were descended from famous rulers, outstanding leaders, and mighty warriors who lived before the Flood.
The Bible speaks of these Nephilim before the flood as being wicked and full of evil, so God planned to destroy these bullies with a flood. Again, this is described in The Book of Enoch. So, whether they were evil due to blood from Cain, or another line, these people were apparently the reason for the destruction of all but Noah and his family.
Only Noah and his family had a pure bloodline from Adam the Bible tells us and consequently was given a warning about the impending flood to wipe out the wicked giants, or bullies from these mixed marriages.
The Bible puts it this way, “These are the generations of Noah: Noah was a just man and perfect in his generations, and Noah walked with God” (Gen.6:9). God told Noah in Gen. 6:18 “But with thee will I establish my covenant.”
The rest of mankind had become corrupted through intermarriage with a hated race.
The giants survived the flood though, as we see them again in Num.13:32-33 as the sons of Anak. “And there we saw the GIANTS, the sons of Anak, which come of the GIANTS: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so were we in their sight” (The word for “giants” here is the same word used in Genesis 6:4 — the Nephilim.) Obviously, therefore, some of them lived after the Flood.
“God” commanded the destruction of these giants (Nephilim) to be carried out by the Israelites, and it was apparently necessary for their eradication, as the Flood had been before for that purpose, because the god(s) were not interested in having a world of violence again, but wanted to start fresh with Noah and his children, a peaceful people.
The Rephaim were another name for the descendants of the giants which existed after the Flood. Moses also talks of the land of Moab saying, “That also was accounted a land of giants; GIANTS dwelt therein in old time. . . the LORD destroyed them before them (god’s children); and they succeeded them, and dwelt in their stead” Deut.2:20-21
God clarifies that, “It is not because of your [God’s chosen people’s] righteousness or the uprightness of your heart that you go in to possess their land, but because of the wickedness of these nations that the Lord your God drives them out from before you, and that He may fulfill the word which the Lord swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.” Deuteronomy 9:5
The Scriptures tell us that young David slew Goliath (whose name means “an exile”) a giant over 9 feet tall! Some say that he was probably a descendant from the ancient Rephaim, certainly he was a bully and at least took refuge among the Philistines . . .or was one. (Deut.2:20-21; II Sam.21:22).
The Anakim (‘anna -‘keem)- another race of “giants” or mighty men/bullies descended from the sons of gods/Angels are mentioned ten times in the Bible, Duet 1:28, 2:10, 2:11, 2:21, 9:2, Josh. 11:21, 11:22, 14:12, 14:15, and Joshua 47:5. There were nearly a dozen different named groups of “Giants” during the time of Israel’s captivity in Egypt. . .a time where a lot of different colored people also showed up in art work.
If these many groups of “giants” bullies or tall men of legend and the Bible were real, then they were likely not only in the middle east.
Giants are a common tale in areas of Europe, and believed to be the origin of the Greek legends of “demi-gods” “Giant-legends of this class are common in Asia too, where the big and “stupid” giants would seem to have been barbaric often mixed tribes.
The Giants or tall bullies were experiments of the “Angels” or “sons of God” gone wrong some would say, a product of their uncontrolled lusts. The first interbreeding of these ancient Angel type “gods” with common man, according to many different ancient sources.
Making public the many sites of these giant’s remains in Egypt, Asia, the Middle east, and Europe, and allowing scientists to analyze the DNA, blood type, and RH factor would likely lead to some very interesting conclusions.. . . instead the powers that be tell us the pictures of giants are all a hoax, and the apparent evidence of the giants is quickly whisked away. . .
The Bible speaks of these mistranslated “giants” as historical though, and it is supported with many other cultures ancient texts, so it seems pretty likely that they were real. . .but what where they if not particularly tall? Perhaps the DNA of a philistine could shed some light on things.
To be continued. . . in part 5.